How are Libel and Slander created in San Diego and Los Angeles?

A plaintiff can recover damages in various forms for libel and slander. Under California law, libel occurs “by writing, printing, picture, effigy or other fixed representation to the eye,” which exposes a person to “hatred, contempt, ridicule or obloquy, or which causes her or him to be shunned or avoided, or which has a tendency to injure [a person in her …